Natural Heritage Sites Nepal
There are two Natural Heritage Sites in Nepal recognized by the UNESCO. One is famous for the Himalayas in the Mt. Everest region, another for dense tropical forests vibrant with wildlife. Chitwan National Park
Sagarmatha National Park
Sagarmatha National Park is the highest national park in the world, with the whole park located above 3,000 m (9,700 ft). This park includes three peaks higher than 8,000 m, including Mt Everest. It is full of rugged terrain with deep gorges, glaciers and non-negotiable ice and rock faces. The snow clad mountains here overlook various glaciers at the head of the Khumbu Valley - the homeland of the Sherpas.
This park can be divided into four climate zones relative to the rising altitude. The climatic zones include a forested lower zone, a zone of alpine scrub, the upper alpine zone and the Arctic zone. The types of plants and animals found in this park depend on the altitude. Here you can observe the prominent peaks including Lhotse shar, Cho Oyu, Ama Dablam, Pumori, Kangtega, Gyachung Kang, Thamserku and Kwangde.
Chitwan National Park
Chitwan National Park is the most visited protected area in Nepal. It is declared as World Natural site by the UNESCO. This is the first National Park of Nepal established in 1973 to preserve a unique ecosystem precious to the whole world. The Park covering the protected area of 932 Sq. Km. is located in the subtropical inner Terai lowlands of southern central part of Nepal. Chitwan is one of the few undisturbed areas of the Terai region with its very rich flora and fauna which formerly extended over the foothills of India and Nepal.
One of the last populations of single-horned Asiatic rhinoceros live in the park, which is also among the last refuges for the Bengal tiger. Tourists usually do the elephant trek to see the rhinoceros living in the park and take guided walks into the park.
The diverse ecology is home to around 600 plant species, 50 mammals, 526 birds and 49 amphibians and reptiles including some of the endangered flora and fauna.
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